Biogenic Energy, in the form of Renewable Natural Gas (or RNG), is used today as compressed natural gas (CNG) to power diesel trucks, or converted into Renewable Electricity. This next generation of energy is available today in very limited quantities. And Renewable Hydrogen is clearly on the horizon. The opportunity is significant, and we are just getting started.
Renewable Natural Gas is produced through natural biological processes known as anaerobic digestion from organic waste streams (including agriculture residues, food waste, and landscape clippings). RNG is released from landfills where much of this residue material is currently disposed. Anaerobic digestion can also produce compost, a carbon product that can be added back to the soil to increase fertility, water use efficiency, and reduce fertilizer use.
OWS estimates that over 7000 waste treatment facilities across the United States are producing RNG and simply burning it without using it productively. RNG that is not burned is released into the atmosphere, where it is 95X more potent a greenhouse gas than CO2.
But times are changing. Already, regulations in California, Connecticut, Massachusetts, and New York, are starting to take effect requiring that plant and food residues be collected, or diverted out of landfills, into processing facilities to manage them sustainably. The opportunity is significant, with 30-40% of all food is discarded and not eaten, and the majority of the agriculture wastes currently returned directly to the soil without capturing its inherent energy.
Renewable Hydrogen can also be produced through anaerobic digestion of residuals, or through the conversion of renewable natural gas. Toyota, Honda, and others are bringing hydrogen powered cars, like the MIRAI, to the market. These cars leverage advances in fuel cell technology, which enable cars and trucks to travel 2-3 times further per BTU of fuel, versus a petroleum car. Fuel cells are more efficient than electric cars, with lower wheel-to-well CO2 emissions, and at potentially lower cost. And the only tailpipe exhaust is water.
OWS has the expertise to bring renewable energy from organic waste streams to the market. We understand that implementing bioenergy depends as much on effective technology as on non-technical factors like legislation, market strategies and public acceptance -- and we fit these pieces together in the big picture.
Working as a partner or as a consultant, we identify, analyze and overcome the main barriers to creating efficient bioenergy from your organic waste stream. Our knowledge and research covers all processes necessary for establishing successful "bioenergy chains" to produce heat, electricity, biofuels and soil carbon products for the energy and agriculture end-use market.